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Holocaust and Genocide Resources Links

General Genocide, Holocaust, and Human Rights Links

Aegis Trust
This organization campaigns against crimes against humanity and genocide, and also runs the Kigali Memorial Centre in Rwanda (with Kigali City Council) and the Holocaust Memorial and Educational Centre in the UK.

Africa Action
The organization is working to change U.S. foreign policy and the policies of international institutions in order to support African struggles for peace and development.

Agahozo Shalom Youth Village
Founded by Anne Heyman and Seth Merrin, this village provides, many of them orphans of the Rwandan genocide, orphaned and vulnerable youth, many of whom are survivors of the Rwandan genocide, with a safe and secure living environment, health care, education, and necessary life skills. It uses education and service to model and create socially responsible citizens in Rwanda and around the world.

American Jewish World Service
This organization fosters civil society, sustainable development, and human rights for all people, while promoting the values and responsibilities of global citizenship within the Jewish community.

Amnesty International
Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 3 million supporters, members and activists in more than 150 countries and territories who campaign to end grave abuses of human rights.

Anti-Defamation League
The Anti-Defamation League was founded in 1913 "to stop the defamation of the Jewish people and to secure justice and fair treatment to all." Now a premier civil rights/human relations agency, ADL fights anti-Semitism and all forms of bigotry, defends democratic ideals, and protects civil rights for all.

Armenian Library and Museum of America
Locates, collects, preserves, and presents the culture, history, art, and contributions of the Armenian people during the past 3,000 years. The Library holds a vast collection of titles including rare books, and historical and literary publications, while the Museum has amassed an expansive treasure trove of inscribed Armenian rugs and textiles, ceramics, metalware, and other artifacts. These collections now constitute a major resource for Armenian Studies and for preserving and illustrating the Armenian heritage.

Brenda Naomi Rosenberg
Founder of Pathways to Peace and co-founder of Tectonic Leadership Workshop, a vehicle for developing pairs of leaders from opposite sides of the Middle East conflict to take joint ownership in transforming the conflict.

Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at the University of Minnesota
Creates programs and supports courses on genocide at the University of Minnesota, and has an outreach component to middle and high schools in Minnesota and neighboring states. The site emphasizes resources for teaching about the Holocaust and genocide, including artistic responses and memorials, curriculum guides, bibliographies, and links to other websites.

Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Located at Keene State College in New Hampshire, the Cohen Center is a leading educational center devoted to the memory and study of the Holocaust and genocide. Its website contains newsletters, details of its upcoming events, and information about its educational outreach programs.

Enough Project
Co-founded by Africa experts Gayle Smith and John Prendergast, the Enough Project fights to end genocide and crimes against humanity by determining sustainable solutions, influencing political leaders to adopt its proposals, and mobilizing the American public to demand change.

Facing History and Ourselves
Through a rigorous investigation of the events that led to the Holocaust, as well as other recent examples of genocide and mass violence, students in a Facing History class learn to combat prejudice with compassion; indifference with participation; and myth and misinformation with knowledge.

Fellowships at Auschwitz for the Study of Professional Ethics (FASPE)
Under the auspices of the Museum of Jewish Heritage, FASPE is a set of innovative programs for students in professional schools. Through travel to New York, Germany, and Poland, the program looks at the role of the participants' professions in the development and implementation of policies and programs that led to the Holocaust. The site offers a glimpse into the program through a video overview of one FASPE Fellow's profoundly meaningful experience.

Foundation for Religious Literacy
This Foundation's mission is to facilitate a deeper understanding of culture through religious literacy. In particular, TFRL strives to promote ethical leadership and to increase administrative religious awareness in a variety of fields.

Frank Chalk & Kurt Jonassohn/Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
Through its Occasional Paper Series and its website, it collects and disseminates knowledge about the historical origins of mass killings.

Genocide.org
A not-for-profit organization to study genocide, holocaust, and democide in the context of politics throughout history, and the consequences of human ideology.

Genocide Intervention
Holds world leaders accountable for the commitments they've made to prevent genocide, and develops targeted programs to impact the lives of those at risk of violence and mass atrocity.

Genocide Prevention Now
On online web magazine, journal, and news source with news of genocidal events and threats, denials of genocide and battle against denials, world responses and more.

Genocide Survivors Support Network
This organization, based in New Jersey, helps survivors of genocide rebuild their lives, and contributes to genocide prevention efforts through education.

Genocide Watch
Exists to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder. Its purpose is to build an international movement to prevent and stop genocide.

Human Rights First
Human Rights First protects people at risk: refugees who flee persecution; victims of crimes against humanity or other mass human rights violations; victims of discrimination; those whose rights are eroded in the name of national security; and human rights advocates targeted for defending the rights of others.

Icons of the Civil Rights Movement
This traveling collection of 20 framed paintings portrays trailblazers in the struggle to achieve racial equality in the United States. Ceated by artist Pamela Chatterton-Purdy, the exhibit has been displayed at colleges, churches, museums, and galleries, as well as at the Inauguration of President Barack Obama.

International Crisis Group
This is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict.

Institute for the Study of Genocide
Promotes and disseminates scholarship and policy analyses on the causes, consequences, and prevention of genocide.

Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide
The Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide was founded in Jerusalem, in 1979, by Israeli scholars Israel W. Charny, Shamai Davidson and Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel.

International Fellowship of Christians and Jews
Promotes understanding and cooperation between Jews and Christians and builds broad support for Israel and other shared concerns.

The International Rescue Committee
This organization responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives.

Investors Against Genocide
A citizen-led initiative dedicated to convincing mutual funds and other investment firms to make an ongoing commitment to genocide-free investing. It builds awareness and creates financial, public relations, and regulatory pressure for investment firms to avoid investments in companies that substantially contribute to genocide or crimes against humanity.

Not On Our Watch
Drawing upon the powerful voices of artists, activists, and cultural leaders, this organization has a mission to focus global attention and resources towards putting an end to mass atrocities around the world. Its founders are Don Cheadle, George Clooney, Matt Damon, Brad Pitt, David Pressman, and Jerry Weintraub.

The Office of the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide
A United Nations post that acts as a catalyst to raise awareness of the causes and dynamics of genocide, to alert relevant actors where there is a risk of genocide, and to advocate and mobilize for appropriate action.

Oxfam International
An international confederation of 14 organizations working together in 98 countries and with partners and allies around the world to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice.

Prevent Genocide International
A global education and action network for the prevention of genocide and crimes against humanity.

Salem State University Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
A faculty-led interdisciplinary academic center at Salem State University for research and scholarship in all areas of Holocaust, genocide, and human rights.

St. Cloud State University Center for Holocaust and Genocide Education
This Center's purpose is to teach the Holocaust and genocide, and in addition, develop sensitivity to and understanding of anti-Semitism, racism, sexism, hatred, and oppression. It provides resource packets to educators for teaching about genocide and the Holocaust.

Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Based at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, the Center trains students, educators, and activists to develop a sophisticated understanding of genocide. With Ph.D. programs in Holocaust History & Genocide Studies and Psychology of Genocide, Clark is the only U.S. school offering doctorate degrees in this field.

United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Adopted by Resolution 260 (III) A of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948.

Web Genocide Documentation Centre
Resources on genocide, war crimes, and mass killings.

When Humanity Fails
A traveling holocaust/genocide exhibit, it is the first in a series of Afikim Foundation One Soul exhibitions that explore the Holocaust. Each will present historical events that help people consider contemporary lessons.

Yahad - In Unum
This leading research organization investigates the mass executions of 1.5 million Jews and Roma/Gypsy people in Eastern Europe between 1941 and 1944. Through its investigation, Yahad - In Unum has discovered hundreds of mass graves of victims murdered in Eastern Europe and recorded the testimony of more than 1,850 witnesses. Led by Father Patrick Desbois, the team collects evidence and identifies the graves of the victims, so they can be protected.

Geographic Links

ALGERIA

Genocide Watch - Algeria
Updates in of news about genocide issues in Algeria.

Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity
A synopsis posted by eNotes.com about the atrocities committed by France in Algeria between 1830 and 1962.

ARGENTINA

Argentina's Dirty Warriors
A synopsis posted by eNotes.com about the so-called guerra sucia (dirty war), which took place in Argentina under the various military governments that ruled from 1976 through 1983, and resulted in the disappearance of between 9,000 and 30,000 people, and many more victims of torture and prolonged imprisonment.

Genocide Watch - Argentina
Updates of news about genocide issues in Argentina.

The National Security Archive
A website comprised of reports and documents describing events of the Guerra Sucia or "The Dirty War" in Argentina from 1976 to 1983.

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

20 Voices
Twenty stories remembered from the 1915 Armenian Genocide.

Armenian Deportees: 1915-1916
These images, captured by Armin T. Wegner, reveal the horrific struggles of Armenians during the genocide.

The Armenian Genocide: 90 Years Later
A 50-minute television production, originally broadcast April 24, 2005, that explores events from 1915 through interviews with historians & Armenian descendants.

Armenian Genocide Blog
Sheri Jordan of New York City maintains this blog, which offers news, survivor testimonies, videos, and book reviews.

Armenian Genocide During the First World War: Documents from German State Archives
This site offers a revised and extended collection of German Diplomatic Documents relating to the Armenian Genocide.

Armenian Genocide Map
Created by the Armenian National Committee of America, this map shows the sites of massacres, death marches, concentration camps, and deportation checkpoints.

Armenian Genocide Posters
A beautiful and meaningful set of posters designed by Séta Papazian for Collectif VAN [Vigilance Armenienne contre le Négationnisme].

Armenian Genocide Resource Library for Teachers
A site published for secondary school teachers.

Armenian Genocide Teaching Resources: Facing History and Ourselves
This site offers several teacher resources, including lessons, units, publications, videos, and related websites.

Armenian History - Armeniapedia.org
A summary of events with links to quotes, first-hand articles, and other materials, on this online Armenian encyclopedia wiki.

Armenian National Committee
This grassroots political organization offers a synopsis of Armenian history, quotes from heads of states and witnesses, U.S. presidential statements, accounts of denial, genocide recognition, and more.

Armenian National Institute
Dedicated to the study, research, and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide.

Armenocide
This site offers information about the Armenian Genocide during WWI with documents from state archives.

Fact Sheet: Armenian Genocide
This 1996 document from Knights of Vartan Armenian Research Center at University of Michigan-Dearborn presents a variety of information about the Armenian Genocide.

The Forgotten
A timeline of the Armenian Genocide and streaming interviews of survivors and witnesses.

Genocide 1915
Armenian Genocide information and recognition.

Genocide Education Project
A nonprofit organization that assists educators in teaching about human rights and genocide, particularly the Armenian Genocide, by developing and distributing instructional materials, providing access to teaching resources, and organizing educational workshops.

Hye Etch
This online book is a compilation of resources and material relating to Armenians and Armenia, written by educators, scholars, and people who are experts in their own field. A significant portion of it is dedicated to the Armenia Genocide.

New York Times - Armenian Genocide
View a past New York Times article about the Armenian Genocide, as well as highlights from the archives.

United Human Rights Council
A section of the website for this committee of the Armenian Youth Federation provides a history of Armenia from "The Ancient Armenians" to "Justice Denied."

Yes, It's Genocide
This campaign, built around the song "Yes, It's Genocide," urges President Obama to recognize the Armenian Genocide. It includes a video contest, facts, social media links, and more.

Zoryan Institute
An international academic and scholarly center devoted to the documentation, study, and dissemination of material related to the life of the Armenian people in the recent past and the present, and within the context of larger world affairs.

ASIAN HOLOCAUST

Asian Holocaust
This website is a private initiative designed to educate about the loss and suffering endured in the Asia-Pacific region during the Japanese military campaigns of 1931-1945.

Canada Association for Learning & Preserving the History of WWII in Asia (APLHA)
Fosters understanding, redress, and reconciliation related to the tragedies of World War II in Asia. In co-operation with other ethnic groups, it organizes and participates in projects and events that facilitate the public to learn lessons of humanity from the war crimes and crimes against humanity that were committed during the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945). It also supports the long-overdue redress for victims of the Asian Holocaust.

BOSNIA

The History Place
A brief synopsis of the conflict between the three main ethnic groups in the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which resulted in genocide committed by the Serbs against the Muslims in Bosnia.

The Peace Pledge Union - Bosnia
The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is the oldest secular pacifist organization in Britain. The organization has been working for peace and a warless world since 1934. This website takes readers through the events leading up to, during, and after the genocide in Bosnia.

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo
An extensive 1998 paper documenting violations, disappearances, detentions, arrests, and more.

Genocide Watch - Brazil
Updates of news about genocide issues in Brazil.

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
This United Nations court of law deals with war crimes that took place during the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990's.

Milosevic Trial Public Archive
This project documented the entire trial of Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The site offers video coverage of the trial and, when available, links to the transcripts.

On Religion and Genocide in Bosnia
This one-hour video is of a talk by professor and author Dr. Michael Sells in which he examines the role of religious narratives, symbols, institutions, and beliefs in relation to the Bosnian genocide.

Project THRO: Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)
This interactive website encourages its visitors to play the role of a judge at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The case, brought by Bosnia in 1993, charges genocide and seeks damages from Serbia and Montenegro, the former Yugoslavia. Viewers can explore the facts, research the law, and consider opposing arguments that support one side or the other.

UN Resolution 824
The April 16, 1993 Resolution declaring Srebrenica a demilitarized security zone, which should be given back to the Bosniacs.

U.S. State Department: Building Peace in Kosovo
A permanent electronic archive of information released prior to January 20, 2001.

BRAZIL

Yale Genocide Studies Program - Brazil
This site by Yale University offers videos, articles, and documents pertaining to the indigenous genocide in the Amazon region.

BURUNDI

Genocide Watch - Burundi
Updates in of news about genocide issues in Burundi.

US Holocaust Memorial Museum - Burundi
An overview of the ethnic conflict in Burundi, including history and periodic updates.

CAMBODIA

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
This site is an introduction to the court responsible for trying serious crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime from 1975 to 1979.

The Peace Pledge Union - Cambodia
The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is the oldest secular pacifist organization in Britain. The organization has been working for peace and a warless world since 1934. This website takes readers through the events leading up to, during, and after the genocide in Cambodia.

Yale University Cambodian Genocide Program
As part of Yale's Genocide Studies program, this site offers news, databases, resources, photographs and more pertaining to the genocide in Cambodia.

CHAD

Chad May Face Genocide
A 2007 BBC News story reporting that the killing tactics from neighboring Darfur, Sudan had been transported to eastern Chad.

Genocide Watch - Chad
Updates of news about genocide warning that has been issued for Chad.

CHILE

Genocide Watch - Chile
Updates of news about genocide issues in Chile.

Justice at Last
A 1998 Duke Chronicle article about the arrest of Augusto Pinochet, former dictator of Chile, on charges of genocide

CHINA

China's Bloody Century
In-depth information about the history of genocide in China.

The Rape of Nanking
The History Place's synopsis of the Japanese Imperial Army's 1937 murder of 300,000 civilians and soldiers in Nanking.

COLOMBIA

Genocide Watch - Colombia
Updates of news about genocide issues in Colombia.

Columbia Genocide
Offers multiple videos and articles concerning with the Columbian Genocide.

CUBA

Britannica Encyclopedia
This webpage by Britannica Encyclopedia offers an excerpt, as well as the full PDF version, of War and Genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898 by John Lawrence Tone.

Genocide Watch - Cuba
Updates in both English and Spanish of news about genocide issues in Cuba.

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

Genocide Watch - Democratic Republic of the Congo>
Updates of news about genocide issues in Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Genocide Intervention - DRC
This webpage offers a brief statement about the situation in Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as "fast facts" and various reports.

Congo Civil War
A brief synopsis of the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), the widest interstate war in modern African history.

EAST TIMOR

BACK DOOR Newsletter
This site provides historical information about East Timor, although it has not been updated since 2006.

East Timor Action Network
This U.S.-based grassroots organization educates, organizes, and advocates for justice for historic and ongoing crimes against humanity, war crimes, and human rights violations in East Timor and Indonesia.

Gendercide - East Timor
A case study of the widespread, pre-planned, and systematic in East Timor from 1975-1999.

Yale - East Timor Project
This site by Yale University offers articles, reports, publications, and documents pertaining to the genocide in East Timor.

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Equatorial Guinea War Crimes News
This webpage of Human Rights Today is constantly updated with news and information about Equatorial Guinea Human Rights.

Genocide Watch - Equatorial Guinea
Updates of news about genocide issues in Equatorial Guinea.

FORMER YUGOSLAVIA

The Destruction of Ethnic Germans and German Prisoners of War in Yugoslavia, 1945-1953
An essay by Tomislav Sunic, an author, translator and former professor of political science. Sunic currently lives with his family in Croatia.

Donauschwaben Villages Helping Hands
A variety of information and materials relating to the German genocide, including the text of the book Genocide Carried out by the Tito Partisans 1944-1948

Genocide of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia 1944 - 1948
A brief synopsis of this book published in Munich in 2003 by the Board of Directors of Donauschwabische Kulturstiftung - Stiftung des büergerlichen Rechts.

The Jasenovac Extermination Camp
The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team offers this brief synopsis, including photos, from a Nazi concentration camp located in Croatia, which was formed on April 10, 1941 as a pro-Nazi government.

Jews of Yugoslavia 1941 - 1945: Victims of Genocide and Freedom Fighters
An excerpt from the English summary in the book Jevreji Jugoslavije 1941-1945 written by Jasa Romano in 1980. (pp. 573-590).

Yale Genocide Studies Program - Former Yugoslavia
This webpage by Yale University offers satellite images, maps and publications pertaining to the genocide in Former Yugoslavia.

GUATEMALA

Peace Pledge Union - Guatemal
The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is the oldest secular pacifist organization in Britain. The organization has been working for peace and a warless world since 1934. This website takes readers through the events leading up to, during, and after the genocide in Guatemala.

Yale Genocide Studies Program - Guatemala
This site by Yale University offers articles and databases pertaining to the genocide in Guatemala.

HOLOCAUST

AMCHA
Provides non-material, psychosocial, and largely preventive support for Holocaust survivors.

Anne Frank Museum Amsterdam
With information about Anne Frank, online exhibits, and educational materials, this official website of the Anne Frank Museum in Amsterdam is also the gateway to related organizations in New York and other cities.

Anti-Defamation League - Holocaust
These pages offer links to media articles, featured books, and Holocaust studies.

Association of Holocaust Organizations
This international network of organizations and individuals was established for the advancement of Holocaust education, remembrance, and research.

BBC Archive - Witnessing the Holocaust
These programs and documents chart the reactions and personal testimonies of some of those who witnessed the Nazis' "Final Solution."

Braun Holocaust Institute
This arm of the Anti-Defamation League offers programs for educators, students, community leaders, and families to explore the enduring impact of the Holocaust and apply its lessons to contemporary issues of prejudice and moral decision-making.

Centropa
This site contains the largest online library of privately owned pre and post-Holocaust family photographs and oral histories. The site also contains historical reports, fiction and memoirs, photographer's notes, and feature articles.

Deborah Lipstadt's Blog
Through this blog, noted Holocaust scholar Deborah Lipstadt discusses Holocaust denial, contemporary anti-Semitism, free speech, and politically correct idiocies.

Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies
This online resource features scholarly articles about the Holocaust and study guides for educators to implement these materials in the classroom. Also included are book reviews, interviews, bibliographies, and other resources.

Echoes and Reflections
An award-winning curriculum developed by the Anti-Defamation League, the USC Shoah Foundation Institute, and Yad Vashem. It includes everything educators need to teach the complex issues of the Holocaust to today's students.

Father Patrick Desbois
President of Yahad–In Unum, he has devoted his life to confronting anti-Semitism and furthering Catholic-Jewish understanding. Since 2004, Desbois has led a truly historic undertaking, crisscrossing the countryside in Eastern Europe in an effort to locate every mass grave at which Jews were killed during the Holocaust. To date, he and his team have identified 800 of an estimated 2,000 such locations. They are also collecting artifacts and, most significantly, recording thousands of video testimonies by eyewitnesses.

Generations Of The Shoah International
A worldwide network of children and grandchildren of Holocaust survivors, linked together with the common goals of preserving and honoring their legacy, sharing resources and programming ideas, providing emotional support to our members, and tackling issues of mutual interest. The website contains resources and information about conferences, support networks, education, lectures, books, films and exhibits, pertaining to the subject of the Holocaust.

German Propaganda Archive
The goal of this site is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the 20th Century by giving them access to the primary material.

The Hidden Child Foundation
This organization hopes to reach all children forced into hiding during the Holocaust, to allow them to tell their tragic stories. Its mission is to educate all people about the consequences of bigotry and hatred so that never again will anyone suffer the atrocity, the injustice, and the agony of the Holocaust.

The Holocaust Centre
Located in the United Kingdom, The Holocaust Centre provides a range of facilities for people of all backgrounds to explore the history and implications of the Holocaust. These include the Holocaust exhibition, The Journey, memorial gardens, bookshop and coffee shop. There are also seminar and research facilities for students, teachers, scholars, professionals and many others.

Holocaust by Bullets
This two-and-a-half-minute interview by PBS with Father Patrick Desbois, a French Catholic priest, discusses his sacred mission to seek out the aging witnesses of the Nazi massacre of Jews in Ukraine.

The Holocaust Chronicle
This site is the online version of The Holocaust Chronicle, an 800-page and 1,800-image book conceived and published as a not-for-profit project by Chicago-based Publications International, Ltd.

Holocaust Denial on Trial (HDOT)
Directed by noted Holocaust scholar Deborah Lipstadt, this website catalogs legal and evidentiary materials from David Irving v. Penguin Books, and offers answers to frequent claims made by deniers. It also provides learning tools and continuing news and updates.

Holocaust Exhibition at Imperial War Museum London
In addition to offering information about visiting this museum, the site provides publications, survivors' stories, and articles.

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust
The Holocaust Memorial Day Trust (HMDT) is a British organization with a vision that the Holocaust and subsequent genocides be known; that victims are commemorated and lessons learned are translated into contemporary action in the UK. The site includes history, eyewitness accounts, and notices of upcoming events.

Holocaust Teaching Resources: Facing History and Ourselves
This site offers many teacher resources, including lessons, units, publications, several videos, and related websites.

Jewish Partisan Educational Foundation
This organization has a mission to develop and distribute effective educational materials about the Jewish partisans and their life lessons, bringing the celebration of heroic resistance against tyranny into educational and cultural organizations.

New England Holocaust Institute
Located in North Adams, Massachusetts, New England Holocaust Institute is the only Holocaust museum in New England that features artifacts such as photos and postcards, as well as uniforms worn by prisoners and officers during the Holocaust and WWII era.

One by One
A nonprofit organization founded by those whose lives have been deeply affected by the Holocaust, offering dialogue opportunities and support for people wishing to deal with the effects of the Holocaust together.

Resources for Children of Holocaust Survivors
A collection of print and multimedia resources.

South African Holocaust Foundation
This organization is dedicated to creating a more caring and just society in which human rights and diversity are respected and valued. Its centres serve as memorials; teach about the consequences of prejudice, racism and discrimination; and promote an understanding of the dangers of indifference, apathy and silence.

USC Shoah Foundation Institute
Maintains a Visual History Archive of testimonies by Holocaust survivors, and provides resources for educators.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
America's national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history. It serves as this country's memorial to the millions of people murdered during the Holocaust.

Yad Vashem
The Jewish people's living memorial to the Holocaust, Yad Vashem safeguards the memory of the past and imparts its meaning for future generations. It is a world center for documentation, research, education, and commemoration of the Holocaust.

INDONESIA

Documenting Violence in Indonesia
As part of Yale University's Genocide Studies Program, this webpage offers documentation pertaining to the genocide in Indonesia.

Yale Genocide Studies Program - Papua
This site by Yale University offers documents, publications and more pertaining to the genocide in Papua, Indonesia.

IRAQ

Genocide Watch - Iraq
Updates of news about genocide issues in Iraq.

Killing of Iraq Kurds 'Genocide'
A BBC News report about the ruling by a court in The Hague that the killing of thousands of Kurds in Iraq in the 1980s was an act of genocide.

Is Iraq Headed for Genocide?
A 2006 Time Magazine article about signs of preparation and execution of genocidal aims in Iraq.

KOREA

Genocide Watch - Korea
Updates of news about genocide issues in both South Korea and North Korea.

North Korea NOW
A global awareness campaign for Human Rights in North Korea. The site offers hard to find photos, films, and news clippings about the crisis in North Korea, as well as ways to take action.

LEBANON

Genocide Watch - Lebanon
Updates of news about genocide issues in Lebanon.

International Crisis Group - Lebanon
Recent reports of conflict in Lebanon.

MYANMAR (BURMA)

Genocide Watch - Myanmar
Updates of news about genocide issues in Myanmar.

The Silent Genocide of Myanmar
A 2007 Spiegel International article about the decades-long conflict between the military junta of Myanmar and the country's ethnic minorities.

NAMIBIA

The Peace Pledge Union - Namibia
The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is the oldest secular pacifist organization in Britain. The organization has been working for peace and a warless world since 1934. This website takes readers through the events leading up to, during, and after the genocide in Namibia.

Patterns of Frontier Genocide 1803-1910
An analysis of the frontier genocides waged against the Herero of Namibia and other groups. From Journal of Genocide Research (2004), 6(2), June, 167-192.

NATIVE AMERICAN HOLOCAUST

The Indian Removal Act of 1830
This Jackson-era legislation authorized the president to transfer Eastern Indian tribes to the western territories promised "in perpetuity." The actual relocation culminated in the 1838 "Trail of Tears" forced march, one of the most shameful occurrences in the history of federal domestic policy.

Indian Removal - PBS
This document, covering the years 1814 to 1858, describes the Jackson administrations removal of 46,000 Native American people from their land east of the Mississippi.

Trail of Tears
This section of the Digital Library of Georgia provides 20 links to websites pertaining to this forced march of the Cherokee people.

United Native American
A video and several links regarding the genocide of Native Americans.

Extermination in Texas
This webpage offers a bibliography of books pertaining to the genocide of the Apaches and other Native American groups.

Patterns of Frontier Genocide 1803-1910
An analysis of the frontier genocides waged against the Yuki of California and other groups. From Journal of Genocide Research (2004), 6(2), June, 167-192.

NEPAL

Genocide Watch - Nepal
Updates of news about genocide issues in Nepal.

International Crisis Group - Nepal
Recent reports of conflict in Nepal.

NIGERIA

Genocide Alert for Nigeria
A January 27, 2010 report of the massacre in the central Nigerian city of Jos.

Genocide Watch - Nigeria
Updates in of news about genocide issues in Nigeria.

ROMA

Gypsies: A Persecuted Race
The University of Minnesota Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies offers a historical look at Gypsies, from their origin to survival during the Holocaust.

Roma (Gypsies)
This web page offers a compilation of information about the Roma. Also known as Gypsies, they were targeted in the Holocaust, and still face severe discrimination today.

The Roma Road
Produced and directed by Yahad – In Unum, this 13-minute video offers eyewitness testimonies from Gypsies (Roma) who were deported from Romania to Russia by the Nazis during the Holocaust. Police searched their homes, killed many, and forced the rest to live on “collective farms” with no food or water. The Roma were told they would be given plots of land and better lives in Transnistria; instead, they awoke each morning to find that others had died during the night as a result of the deplorable conditions. With starvation as the only alternative, some survivors resorted to eating human flesh of those who had died.

Sinti & Roma: Victims of the Nazi Era
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum provides information about genocide of the Roma by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.

RWANDA

Agahozo Shalom Youth Village
Founded by Anne Heyman and Seth Merrin, this village provides orphaned and vulnerable youth, many of whom are survivors of the Rwandan genocide, with a safe and secure living environment, health care, education, and necessary life skills. It uses education and service to model and create socially responsible citizens in Rwanda and around the world.

Human Rights Watch - Rwanda
This site contains news releases, reports, commentaries, letters, and background for Rwanda.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Created by the UN Security Council in November 1994, this tribunal was established for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between January 1 and December 31, 1994.

Kigali Memorial Centre
Built on a site where more than 250,000 people are buried, this centre contains a permanent exhibition of the Rwandan genocide and an exhibition of other genocides around the world.

The Peace Pledge Union - Genocide
The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is the oldest secular pacifist organization in Britain. The organization has been working for peace and a warless world since 1934. This website takes readers through the events leading up to, during, and after the genocide in Guatemala.

Pervasive Monuments
A research project based at the University of Nottingham (UK) that seeks to investigate the ways in which digital technologies can be used to build and support monuments and lasting memorials. Aegis Trust is working with this project towards creation of a comprehensive GPS-mapped database of Rwanda's genocide sites.

Rwandan Genocide Teaching Resources: Facing History and Ourselves
This site offers several teacher resources, including news and several videos.

Rwanda Gift for Life

This organization strives to provide ways to begin to address critical issues for genocide survivors, including balanced nutrition, trauma counseling, secure home conditions, school enrollment for children, sustainable economic independence, and physical, mental and emotional health.

Rwanda - The Wake of a Genocide

Includes background, multimedia reports, selected readings, current news and ways to help.

The Travesty of Human Rights Watch on Rwanda
In a well-informed, 54-page report, Richard Johnson, who reportedly served 23 years as a Foreign Service Officer with the U.S. Department of State, goes into great detail rebutting perennial charges leveled by Human Rights Watch against President Paul Kagame.

Tufts in Rwanda Blog
The postings on this site are by Tufts University students on Tuft's multi-faith service-learning trip to Agahozo-Shalom Youth Village.

The US and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994

This National Security Archive sites offers several government documents regarding the Rwandan genocide. This independent non-governmental research institute and library collects and publishes declassified documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.

Valentina's Nightmare

The PBS program FRONTLINE offers this website with interviews, a chronology, and special reports, including "The Triumph of Evil" and "Ghosts of Rwanda."

Yale - Genocide Studies Program

A list comprised by the Rwandan Genocide Project of articles and research that offer information about the genocide in Rwanda.

SOMALIA

Genocide Intervention - Somalia
This webpage offers a brief statement about the situation in Somalia, as well as "fast facts" and various reports.

Genocide Watch - Somalia

Updates of news about genocide issues in Somalia.

SUDAN

Darfur: continuing conflict in Sudan
The library staff of the African Studies Centre Leiden compiled this web dossier for a public meeting on "Darfur and the International Community" in February 2007.

Darfur is Dying
A viral video game that provides a window into the experience of the 2.5 million refugees in the Darfur region of Sudan. Players can also learn more about the genocide in Darfur and find ways to get involved to help stop this human rights and humanitarian crisis.

Darfur Scores
A project of the Genocide Intervention Network calling on Congress to stop genocide. The site includes a short film about Darfur.

Darfur Teaching Resources: Facing History and Ourselves

This site offers several teacher resources, including lessons, units, publications, and videos.

Save Darfur

This organization reports it is inspiring action, raising awareness, and speaking truth to power on behalf of the people of Darfur. It offers news and a blog about the Darfur genocide, as well as ways for people to get involved.

Sudan Action Campaign
Co-founded by the American Jewish World Service, this site offers background on the crisis, recent news, and ways to take action.

Sudan Research, Analysis, and Advocacy
This site links to published research briefs and advocacy writings on Sudan by Eric Reeves, Professor of English Language and Literature at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts.

Sudan: The Passion of the Present
A place for sharing ideas and inspiration on how to stop the genocide in Darfur. This site offers several resources for Western, Arab, and African news.

Yale Genocide Studies Program - Sudan

This webpage offers articles and information pertaining to the genocide in Sudan.

TIBET

Dalai Lama warns of 'cultural genocide' in Tibet
A 2008 New York Daily News article reporting on Tibetan protesters' defiance of a Chinese government crackdown. The Dalai Lama warned Tibet faced "cultural genocide" and appealed to the world for help.

Genocide Watch - Tibet

Updates of news about genocide issues in Tibet.

UGANDA

Conciliation Resources - Uganda
The webpage offers several articles about the protracted conflict and elusive peace initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda.

Genocide Watch - Uganda

Updates of news about genocide issues in Uganda.

Resolve Uganda

This organization works with activists, policy experts, and civil society leaders to identify and build support for policy measures that can help end LRA atrocities and enable affected families and communities to survive and rebuild their lives.

VENEZUELA

Genocide Watch - Venezuela
Updates in of news about genocide issues in Venezuela.

Human Rights Watch - Venezuela

New releases, reports, commentaries, letters, and background information about human rights issues in Venezuela.

VIETNAM

Genocide Watch - Vietnam
Updates of news about genocide issues in Vietnam.

Vietnamese Genocide and Mass Murder

Offers statistics - estimates, calculations, and sources - from the Vietnamese democide.

OTHER LINKS

Adelson Family Foundation
This foundation, established in 2007 by Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson, supports charitable organizations located primarily in Israel and the United States. Among its funding priorities are Holocaust and anti-Semitism awareness, and it is a supporter of Birthright Israel and Yad Vashem.

Afikim Foundation

A registered not-for-profit organization dedicated to furthering Jewish life. Its founder and president is Rabbi Raphael B. Butler.

American Jewish Committee
Established in 1906, AJC is an international think tank and advocacy organization that attempts to identify trends and problems early - and take action.

Armenian Library and Museum of America
The ALMA was created to locate, collect, preserve, and present the culture, history, art, and contributions of the Armenian people during the past 3,000 years. The Library holds a vast collection of titles including rare books, and historical and literary publications.

Akshaya Patra
In June 2000, this organization began a mid-day meal program for five schools in Bangalore, India. Today, it provides daily meals for 1.3 million children, creating an incentive for them to continue their education.

Atlantic Philanthropies
One of the goals of this organization is to build an enduring capacity to protect human rights, with a focus in Northern Ireland and South Africa. Its Reconciliation & Human Rights Programme supports work that mobilizes communities and develops effective leadership within them, and strengthens the culture of rights and the capacity of people at the margins to secure them.

Armenian Dramatic Arts Alliance
This organization's mission is to mission is to project the Armenian voice on the world stage through the dramatic arts of theatre and film. The Oral Historis section of the website offers taped interviews with Armenian genocide survivors.

Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation
From its offices in New York City and Poland, this organization offers programming to prevent genocide, and fosters leadership through government, the military, and academia.

BBC News - Middle East Crisis
The largest broadcasting organization in the world maintains this webpage to offer both history and current information pertaining to the Israel Palestine conflict.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Guided by the belief that every life has equal value, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works to help all people lead healthy, productive lives. In developing countries, it focuses on improving people's health and giving them the chance to lift themselves out of hunger and extreme poverty. In the United States, it seeks to ensure that all people - especially those with the fewest resources - have access to the opportunities they need to succeed in school and life.

Birthright Israel
An organization providing the gift of first time, peer group, educational trips to Israel for Jewish young adults ages 18 to 26.

Bridgeway Foundation
Funded by Bridgeway Capital Management, Inc., a Houston-based investment firm that commits one-half of its profits to charity, this foundation's core issues are eliminating genocide, peacemaking and reconciliation, and human rights.

Butaro Hospital
In January 2011, this new hospital opened its doors in northern Rwanda. The flagship 150-bed facility was built as part of the ongoing collaboration between Partners In Health and the government of Rwanda. With electronic access to educational resources and expert consultation, the hospital aims to be a leader in using information technology to aid patient care.

Catholic Schools Foundation
This foundation changes lives by providing families with demonstrated financial need an opportunity to give their sons and daughters a quality education, focused on Christian values and character formation at Catholic Schools located throughout the Archdiocese of Boston, regardless of race, religion, ethnicity or gender.

Chardan Capital Markets
This privately held investment banking firm focuses on micro, small, and mid-cap markets. It is led by CEO Kerry Propper, who produced the documentary, Watchers of the Sky, about Ralph Lemkin, the lawyer who coined the word "genocide."

Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA)
A media-monitoring, research, and membership organization reportedly devoted to promoting accurate and balanced coverage of Israel and the Middle East.

Cummings Foundation
Established by Joyce and Bill Cummings in 1986, this private operating foundation based in Woburn, Massachusetts has several major areas of interest: 1) Two not-for-profit New Horizons assisted living homes, 2) Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 3) McKeown Scholarship Program, 4) Institute for World Justice and 5) One World Boston, Inc.

Cummings Properties
Founded by Bill Cummings, this full-service real estate development, property management, and construction firm, leases and manages 10 million square feet of prime commercial space in 10 Greater Boston communities.

Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
Founded in 1978, this institution is the only veterinary school in the six-state New England region. The school's pioneering academic programs, high-quality clinical care services, and original research have brought Tufts University national and worldwide acclaim.

Eliezer Ayalon Lecture
View the October 2010 lecture by Holocaust survivor Eliezer Ayalon to a standing-room only audience at Tufts University. During this impactful, 90-minute presentation, Ayalon speaks about his experiences at five concentration camps.

FIRST
Based in Manchester, NH, FIRST's mission is to inspire young people to be science and technology leaders by engaging them in exciting mentor-based programs that build science, engineering, and technology skills; inspire innovation; and foster well-rounded life capabilities including self-confidence, communication, and leadership.

Global Justice Center
This human rights legal organization develops innovative strategies to enforce international law.

Grameen America
With a vision of helping to create a world free of poverty, this organization provides affordable micro-loans to financially empower individuals who live below the U.S. poverty line and want to start or grow a small business. It relies on the Grameen lending model developed over 30 years by Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, India.

Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life
The largest Jewish campus organization in the world, Hillel provides opportunities for Jewish students at more than 500 colleges and universities to explore and celebrate their Jewish identity through its global network of regional centers, campus Foundations, and Hillel student organizations.

Human Rights Documentation Initiative at University of Texas Libraries
This initiative is committed to the long-term preservation of fragile and vulnerable records of human rights struggles worldwide, the promotion and secure usage of human rights archival materials, and the advancement of human rights research and advocacy around the world.

Humanity United
Founded by Pam Omidyar, this philanthropic organization is committed to building peace and advancing human freedom. It leads, supports, and collaborates with a broad network of efforts, ideas, and organizations that share its vision of a world free of conflict and injustice.

Initiative for Moral Courage
A program of the Jewish Studies Program and Religious Studies Department at San Diego State University, it is envisioned as an inter-disciplinary think tank focusing on the critical study, promotion, and recognition of moral courage.

International Fellowship of Christians and Jews
This organization was founded in 1983 by Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein to promote understanding between Jews and Christians, and build broad support for Israel and other shared concerns.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict - ProCon.org
A history of the conflict from a website that reportedly promotes critical thinking, education, and informed citizenship by presenting research on controversial issues in a straightforward, nonpartisan, and primarily pro-con format.

Jewish Federations of North America
This organization represents 157 Jewish Federations and more than 300 independent Jewish communities. The Federation movement protects and enhances the well-being of Jews worldwide through the values of tikkun olam (repairing the world), tzedakah (charity and social justice), and Torah (Jewish learning).

Jewish Fellowships International
This immersive educational Jewish values experience provides a context for making choices and taking action. Students consider and express Jewish values through discussion groups, seminars, and hands on experiences.

Jewish Virtual Library
This website offers a wealth of information pertaining to Jewish history and people, including the Holocaust, travel, Israel, politics, religion, and more.

Legacy Connect
Co-founded by Mark Rockefeller, this organization is the next-generation philanthropy network for the 21st century. It aims to help increase revenue, social relevance, and philanthropic impact in sports and entertainment.

Lynch Foundation
Established by Carolyn and Peter Lynch in 1987, the Lynch Foundation provides assistance to programs primarily in Massachusetts with an emphasis on education; culture and historic preservation; healthcare and medical research; and religious and educational efforts of the Roman Catholic Church.

Morasha Olami
This worldwide Jewish educational effort fuses both informal and formal Jewish education modules and creates an engaging, inspiring, and motivating environment for further Jewish engagement.

Museum of Tolerance
Visitors to this museum become witnesses to history and explore the dynamics of bigotry and discrimination that are still embedded in society today.

Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights
Founded by Kjell Magne Bondevik, former prime minister of Norway, this organization addresses human rights, democracy, and inter-religious and intercultural dialogue. The Center works to promote responsible leadership, in order to prevent conflicts and strengthen democratic practice in fragile democracies.

Partners In Health
Founded by Dr. Paul Farmer and Thomas J. White, and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, PIH focuses on delivering quality health care in poor communities. It currently works with partner organizations and national ministries of health to operate projects in twelve countries: Haiti, Lesotho, Malawi, Peru, Russia, Rwanda, the United States, the Dominican Republic, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Guatemala, and Burundi.

PBS NewsHour - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
The website of this television news program offers a page dedicated to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. It provides background reports, lesson plans for educators, and other resources.

Project Rwanda
This project is committed to furthering the economic development of Rwanda through initiatives based on the bicycle as a tool and symbol of hope. Its goal is use the bike to help boost the Rwandan economy, as well as re-brand Rwanda as a beautiful and safe place to do business and visit freely.

Rwinkwavu Hospital
Launched in April 2005, this hospital was Partners In Health's first project in Rwanda. In addition to treating the ill, the staff provides knowledge and skills to improve their lives. Through a training center and garden, patients learn how to grow food on whatever plot of land they have, and are given seeds to get started.

Save the Children
When disaster strikes around the world, Save the Children is there to save lives with food, medical care, and education, and then remains to help communities rebuild through long-term recovery programs.

Shoah Foundation Institute
This University of Southern California institute, led by Executive Director Stephen Smith, maintains a visual history archive of testimonies by Holocaust survivors.

Tectonic Leadership
This organization is a vehicle for developing pairs of leaders from opposite sides of a conflict to take joint ownership in transforming the conflict.

Thinking Beyond Borders
This organization offers "gap year" programs designed for students to explore international development through global service learning and academic study.

Tufts Hillel
This campus organization promotes Jewish life at Tufts and beyond, and will house and implement the model program for IWJ.

Tufts University
Established in 1852, this private research university emphasizes public service in all of its disciplines. It is well known for internationalism and its study abroad programs. IWJ is developing its model program on the Tufts campus.

United Nations Foundation
This foundation works with the United Nations to foster a more peaceful, prosperous and just world.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
This living memorial to the Holocaust inspires citizens and leaders worldwide to confront hatred, promote human dignity, and prevent genocide.

Washington Spectator
This bi-weekly bulletin for independent-minded readers is published by Hamilton Fish who produced Hotel Terminus, a documentary about Klaus Barbie, the Gestapo chief of Lyon, and his life after World War II.

Yeshiva Experience
The organization offers the opportunity to explore the depths of Judaism in the heart of New York's vibrant Jewish community.

The Initiative for Moral Courage at San Diego State University is envisioned as an interdisciplinary think tank focusing on the critical study, promotion and recognition of moral courage through a unique mentoring project that brings together academics across a broad spectrum of specialties (history, political science, philosophy, religious studies, Jewish studies, psychology, ethics), world-renowned leaders and thinkers, and the students of San Diego State University. The Initiative seeks to encourage the examination and study of a range of issues related to the study of moral courage under the broader rubric of contemporary global ethics.

The Initiative takes its inspiration from the concept of the "Righteous Among the Nations." Since 1962, Yad Vashem-the world center for documentation, research, education and commemoration of the Holocaust-has sought to identify and recognize the actions of non-Jews who worked during the Shoah and under threat of death, to save the lives of the Jews of Europe. These individuals are honored with the title "Righteous Among the Nations."

But, instances of such moral courage and strength of conviction continue to this day in the efforts of those individuals who, after the Holocaust, seek to illustrate through their behavior the importance of remembering the example of the Shoah in order to ensure that nothing like it ever happens again. We seek to recognize these individuals by conferring upon them the title of "The Newrighteous©." In addition, there are individuals, both well-known and private citizens, throughout the world whose actions in life exemplify the notion of moral courage-individuals who put ethics into action by standing up and standing out in defense of principles, even and often when others are standing aside. Such daily acts of integrity exemplify unique principles and the consequences of such behavior have far-reaching implications for the global agenda concerning peace, conflict resolution, and greater religious as well as racial/ethnic understanding in our country and in the world. The IMC vision has three components: academic, community, and global.

For more information, visit http://jewishstudies.sdsu.edu/moral_courage_initiative.htm

IMC Symposium, September 2011
Sponsored by, Lucy Goldman, Jordan Ressler Charitable Fund, an anonymous grant and The Leichtag Family Foundation.

 

Bringing Holocaust Remembrance to the Campus: An Action Plan

"We are all different; because of that, each of us has something different and special to offer and each and every one of us can make a difference by not being indifferent." - Henry Friedman Chairman of the Holocaust Education Centre, Washington.

One of the driving principles of the IWJ is to rid the world of indifference to the plight of humanity. It is a call for engaged activism in a world that prefers to merely respond to the headline of the day; developing stories that demand diligence and ongoing responsiveness are often relegated for "others" to be involved.

We are a nation of "others"--- it is incumbent upon us to review, remember and respond wherever inhumanity occurs throughout the world. The horrors of genocides past are anguishing benchmarks of human indifference to slaughter. It is our belief and hope that the more aware our collective campus community becomes of the horrors of indifference, the more engaged the millions of students on campus will be to combat future horrors.

Toward that goal, we have compiled Holocaust programs, exhibitions, lecturers and study course opportunities for campuses and students across America. Bringing this awareness to your campus is the first victory in the battle of indifference.

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